A cookie is a small text file which is sent to the user's browser by the web server and authomatically stored in the device so that the the website can check the users' previous activity and "recognise" them.
Cookies can remember other personal information such as the user's password so that it does not need to be written every time the user visits the same site, or preferences relating to the settings of a website (language or screen resolution, among others).
Cookies are essential for internet's functioning, providing countless advantages in the provision of intereactive services, making the website's navigation and usability easier. Cookies can not harm your device and, while activated, they help to identify and solve errors.
In short, a cookie is a succession of browsing information that is stored in the user's device and that websites detect and recognise in order to "remember" this browsing activity.
- First-party cookies: those that are sent to the user's device from a device or domain managed by the owner of the site.
- Session cookies: a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user is visiting a website that expire when the session ends. The information collected through these cookies is used to analyze traffic patterns on the website. Eventually, this allows to provide a better experience, to improve the content and make its use easier.
- Persistent cookies: a type of cookies in which data remains stored in the device and can be accessed and treated during a period defined by the manager of the cookie. They are generally used to improve the different services offered by the websites.
- Third-party cookies: for example, the ones used by social media or by external content complements.
- Analytic cookies: those that allow to monitor and analyze the behavior of users of the websites they are linked to.
- Behavioral advertising cookies: those that store information about the users’ behavior obtained through the continued observation of their browsing habits, allowing to develop a profile to display personalized advertising.
Supplementary guarantees – Cookies management:
All internet browsers allow to limit the behavior of cookies or to disable them from the browser’s settings or options. The steps for doing so are different for each browser -instructions can be found in their help menus.Many browsers allow to activate a private mode by which cookies are always deleted after the visit. Depending on each browser, this private mode can have different names. Below you will find a list of the most common browsers with a link to the cookie settings and different names of this "private mode":
- Internet Explorer 8 and superior:
- Safari 2 and superior:
- Opera 10.5 and superior:
- FireFox 3.5 and superior:
- Google Chrome 10 and superior: